Because of spam, I personally moderate all comments left on my blog. However, because of health issues, I will not be able to do so in the future.

If you have a personal question about LI or any related topic you can send me an email at I will try to respond.

Otherwise, this blog is now a legacy site, meaning that I am not updating it any longer. The basic information about LI is still sound. However, product information and weblinks may be out of date.

In addition, my old website, Planet Lactose, has been taken down because of the age of the information. Unfortunately, that means links to the site on this blog will no longer work.

For quick offline reference, you can purchase Planet Lactose: The Best of the Blog as an ebook on or Almost 100,000 words on LI, allergies, milk products, milk-free products, and the genetics of intolerance, along with large helpings of the weirdness that is the Net.

Saturday, February 14, 2015

Dark Chocolate May Contain Milk Says FDA

This is your Valentine's Day nightmare. You indulge yourself in a pricey bar of sumptuous dark chocolate. Dairy-free is on the label. But the palpitations you feel aren't from Cupid's arrow but from anaphylactic shock.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently ran a study on 100 dark chocolate products. Many of them contained milk, some in levels high enough to be a serious problem to many who are allergic to milk proteins.

Labeling on the chocolates was inconsistent. Some did say that they "main contain traces of milk." Others, however, said definitively that they were "dairy-free" or even "allergen-free." Many had no warning labeling of any kind.

What the FDA Study Found

“First of all, milk-allergic consumers should be aware that a high proportion of the dark chocolates we tested contained milk, even when the label failed to list milk as an ingredient,” [Binaifer Bedford, M.S., an Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) fellow at FDA] says. Of greatest concern are chocolate samples that have no statement regarding milk on the label or have inconsistencies in the label. Several of the chocolates labeled “dairy free” were also found to contain milk.

Results included:
  • While dark chocolates labeled “dairy free or allergen-free” were the least likely to contain milk, two out of 17 of these products were found to contain milk.
  • All seven bars that declared the presence of milk on the label contained milk; however, 55 (59%) of 93 bars without any clear indication of the presence of milk also were found to contain milk.
  • Six out of the eleven chocolate products labeled “traces of milk” contained milk at detectable levels high enough to potentially cause severe reactions in some individuals.
What can you as a consumer do when a manufacturer lies to or misleads you? The FDA has a few recommendations, which are far less than perfect yet may make a difference in the long run.
[C]onsumers can find out what products have been recalled recently at FDA’s website and at the Food Allergy Research and Education (FARE) website.Consumers can also inform FDA about undeclared allergens by contacting the agency’s consumer complaint coordinator for your state or by reporting food-allergic reactions online.

Research, read, complain. Three little words not quite as romantic as I Love You, but they may change your life just as dramatically.

UPDATE: May 29, 2015

Good news for Jeff Bezos. Old media apparently is still powerful, driving news on the Internet. This three-month-old announcement has suddenly spawned articles on numerous sites. The only possible reason I can find is that Roberto A. Ferdman of the Washington Post's Wonkblog just put out an article about it. Always glad to see important findings reach a larger public, but this is a tiny bit scary. A consumer-friendly handout from the FDA takes three months to go the ten miles from the FDA compound to the Washington Post building? Really? Are there other things in that pipeline that Ferdman should be getting to? I'm an old-line print advocate and newspaper reader but this is an example of the superiority of a Google News feed.

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Anonymous said...

can you please point to some latest sources of cheap lactase?

i saw on many chinese companies selling lactase at a very very low price, its lactase powder, not pills, however its a lot cheaper. do you know anything about it? is it safe to order?

Steve Carper said...

Commercial lactase is sold in bulk. It is intended for manufacturers only. Unless you are a professional and know exactly what to ask for and how to process it, I would advise that you stay away from bulk sales.

Bruce Langner said...

Hi Steve! My name is Bruce and I run a little company called DairyCare, and we manufacture a once-a-day lactose intolerance tablet that offers 24-hour relief. DairyCare rivals a lot of the leading lactose medications not only by introducing probiotics into each dose, thus diminishing the harsh effects of lactose intolerance over time, but also by reducing the amount of doses required to achieve the desired effect (while also still being cheaper than leading brands). I do understand the hesitation in trying a product you've likely never heard of, but I strongly encourage you to give DairyCare a chance, as I truly feel that the results you receive will prove that there is a better solution to dealing with lactose intolerance out there on the shelves. If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to email me directly at . Keep fighting the good fight and have a great day!

Caroline Stone said...

Hi Steve! Unrelated question but I can't figure out how to contact you via email. My daughter seems OK with ice cream and yogurt but gets severely constipated with major belly pain from mozzarella cheese sticks and (without fail) also a cake my dad makes with significant sour cream in it. Do you know if sour cream has a higher concentration of WHEY than say, butter or yogurt? All my best and many thanks

Steve Carper said...

Mozzarella has little whey because it is a cheese, and except for ricotta no everyday cheese has very much whey in it. Butter has little whey because it is nearly all fat. Ice cream would have as much whey as milk, and about as much as sour cream. All in all, it's hard to find any pattern here.