Because of spam, I personally moderate all comments left on my blog. However, because of health issues, I will not be able to do so in the future.

If you have a personal question about LI or any related topic you can send me an email at I will try to respond.

Otherwise, this blog is now a legacy site, meaning that I am not updating it any longer. The basic information about LI is still sound. However, product information and weblinks may be out of date.

In addition, my old website, Planet Lactose, has been taken down because of the age of the information. Unfortunately, that means links to the site on this blog will no longer work.

For quick offline reference, you can purchase Planet Lactose: The Best of the Blog as an ebook on or Almost 100,000 words on LI, allergies, milk products, milk-free products, and the genetics of intolerance, along with large helpings of the weirdness that is the Net.

Saturday, January 30, 2010

Anaphylaxis - Life-Threatening Allergy

I found an excellent article on anaphylaxis on the AAIR (Asthma and Allergy Information & Research) site. Information and Research. My heart is beating faster already.

And much good informtion there is.

How can you tell if someone is having anaphylaxis?
Anaphylaxis usually happens quickly.
Anaphylaxis can produce:

• An itchy nettlerash (urticaria, hives)
• Faintness and unconsciousness due to very low blood pressure. Unlike an ordinary fainting attack, this does not improve so dramatically on lying down.
• Swelling (angioedema)
• Swelling in the throat, causing difficulty in swallowing or breathing
• Asthma symptoms
• Vomiting
• Cramping tummy pains
• Diarrhoea
• A tingling feeling in the lips or mouth if the cause was a food such as nuts
• Death due to obstruction to breathing or extreme low blood pressure (anaphylactic shock)

And a table of epinephrine injectors.
What is the best treatment for anaphylaxis?

Although there are several important treatments, by far the most important

Adrenaline (epinephrine)

There is one drug which will work against all the effects of all the dangerous substances released in anaphylaxis. It is adrenaline (epinephrine). For serious attacks, it is a vital treatment. You need to inject it; inhalers may no longer be an option.

There are special syringe kits to make injection easy:

Name of injection kitCountry
(incomplete list)
EpipenUSA, EuropeAdult 0.3 mg
Child 0.15 mg
Dey Laboratories (USA)
ALK (Eur)
AnapenUKAdult 0.3 mg
Child 0.15
Lincoln Medical Limited, UKIdentical drug & dose to Epipen. Easy to use.
AnaKitUSA2 doses of 0.3 mg: other doses
Red box also
contains antihistamine tablets and flimsy tourniquet (for bee or wasp sting).
AnaguardUSA,also available
As AnaKitBayerSyringe as AnaKit, pen-like container is compact and strong, no tablets or tourniquet.
Min-I-JetUK1 mg, other doses possibleIMS, UKSeems designed more for hospital use.

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